Deutsch lernen: Ablautsreihen

Einige lernen Deutsch sehr vertieft und bei dem Thema „Vergangenheit“ möchten die Regeln der Entstehung der Verbformen wissen. Dabei können Ihnen die Ablautsreihen helfen.

Im modernen Deutsch existieren 7 Ablautsreihen. Jede Reihe unterscheidet sich von den anderen und hat ihre Besonderheiten.


1. ei - ie - ie

schreiben - schrieb – geschrieben

НО: heißen – hieß - geheißen

ei - i - i

gleiten – glitt – geglitten


2. ie/e/ö/ü - o - o

frieren - fror – gefroren

fechten – focht - gefochten

löschen - losch - geloschen

lügen – log - gelogen

heben – hob - gehoben


3.  е/ie/i - а - о/e/u

nehmen - nahm - genommen

liegen - lag – gelegen

beginnen – begann - begonnen

springen - sprang - gesprungen


4.  а - u - a

tragen - trug - getragen


5.  a - ie - a

halten - hielt - gehalten

a/ä –i –a

fangen - fing - gefangen

hängen - hing - gehangen


6.   o - ie - o

stoßen - stieß - gestoßen


7.u – ie - u

rufen - rief - gerufen


Besondere Form

hauen - hieb – gehauen

In unserem Deutschkurs wird dieses Thema sowie viele andere ausführlich besprochen und geübt. 

Kommentar schreiben

Kommentare: 11
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